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白大爷的博客

人到七十早不稀,但偶老态如期至,千里之行终成梦,含饴弄孙要在家。

 
 
 

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美加一个月(九十四)羚羊彩谷(下)——原创作品   

2015-02-18 07:16:28|  分类: 国外-美国 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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美加一个月(九十二)羚羊彩谷(下) - 白大爷 - 白大爷的博客

        羚羊彩穴归纳瓦荷人管真不错,导游是尽职尽责,在彩穴里瞻前顾后,不停滴提示大家注意安全。中间,还站在砂岩上吹着竖笛,曲调不咋好听,估计是和后面的导游联系的,这比喊话强多了。大概人家后面的导游听着笛声就知道团队的头在哪,好控制这个团队不至于拉的太长。走到经典的地方,导游还会主动给大家拍照,让你也有个经典的羚羊彩穴之旅照片。上来后,纳瓦荷人还拿出一整箱子的冰镇矿泉水让大家解渴,让你喝够。

        嗯,这里的砂岩真奇怪,用矿泉水浇到上面,会形成一个腕托,还可以轻轻滴拿起来。

        纳瓦荷人在二战中可是功臣。当年美国人跟日本人打仗,太平洋战争中,美国军队使用的密码每每都被日本人破译。后来,美国海军想起纳瓦荷人,他们的话谁也听不懂,只有他们自己明白。于是就想起用纳瓦荷土语作为海军的密语。1942年5月25日,29名纳瓦荷青年应征入伍,组成海军陆战队382野战排,受命编写密码。他们编制了211个密码,把常用的军事用语和纳瓦荷土语对应起来,如猫头鹰代表侦察机,鲨鱼代表驱逐舰等等。密码编成后,美军自己的专家,用了一个月也没有把它破译出来,于是决定用于军队。此间,这29个人被关在屋子十三个星期专门背记所有这些密码,都背会了,就把这密码本全部销毁,以免落入敌人手中。这个排属军事绝密,而且这个排的纳瓦荷战士每人都有个特种兵保镖,防止他们被敌人俘获,包括必要是直接打死他负责保护的纳瓦荷战士,以免他们落入敌人手中。纳瓦荷人编制的无敌密码保证了美军在二战中的胜利。

        作为美军的最高秘密,纳瓦荷人的无敌秘码在1968年才解密,之前这些回家的老兵一直默默无闻。2001年那29名纳瓦荷战士被美国总统布什授予国会金质奖章。最后一名纳瓦荷老兵切斯特内兹在2014年6月4日去世,终年93岁,从此,美国海军的29名“风语者”全部凋零。

        华裔导演吴宇森在2000年就拍了“风语者”电影,颂扬了这些功臣。

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